SOURCES OF LAW: HOW THE SOURCES SHAPES THE MODERN LEGAL PHILOSOPHIES

The author in this article has discussed the various sources of law and their importance in the evolution of law as it is today.


MEANING AND INTRODUCTION TO JURISPRUDENCE


The word jurisprudence derives from the Latin term jurisprudentia, which means "the study, knowledge, or science of law." Jurisprudence commonly means the philosophy of law. Legal philosophy has many aspects, but four of them are the most common -


· The first and the most prevalent form of jurisprudence seeks to analyse, explain, classify, and criticize entire bodies of law. Law school textbooks and legal encyclopedias represent this type of scholarship.

· The second type of jurisprudence compares and contrasts law with other fields of knowledge such as literature, economics, religion, and the social sciences.

· The third type of jurisprudence seeks to reveal the historical, moral, and cultural basis of a particular legal concept.

· The fourth body of jurisprudence focuses on finding the answer to such abstract questions as “What is law?” and “How do judges (properly) decide cases?”


STUDY OF LAW AND HOW CASES ARE DECIDED ON TH BASIS OF LAWS


“Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behaviour." It has been defined both as "the science of justice" and "the art of justice". Law regulates and ensures that individuals or a community adhere to the will of the state. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process.

The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history, and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.”[1]